The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality Volume I – IV 1997-2001 Edited by Robert T. Francoeur Reproduced here by permission of the editor and The Continuum Publishing Company, 370 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10017 You can order the printed and bound hardcover version for US $ 255.- at CONTINUUM – NEW YORK The Continuum Publishing Company. Copyright © 1997-2001 by Robert T. Francoeur All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the written permission of The Continuum Publishing Company. Table of Contents Foreword to Volumes I-III Using this Encyclopedia Preface to Volumes I-III An Introduction to the Many Meanings of Sexological Knowledge Introduction to Volume IV Contributors Acknowledgements Geographic Locations of the Countries in this Encyclopedia Index by Countries Index by Subjects Argentina (República Argentina) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Epilogue Acknowledgments Endnotes and References Australia Demographics and a Historical Perspective Non-Aboriginal Australia Aboriginal Australia Summary References and Suggested Readings Austria (Republik Österreich) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Important Ethnic and Religious Minorities Conclusion References and Suggested Readings Bahrain (Al-Bahrayn) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Sexual Behaviors of Aboriginal Indians References and Suggested Readings Canada Preamble Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Conclusions Acknowledgments References and Suggested Readings China (Zhonghua Renmin Gonghe Guo) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education The 1989-1990 Survey of Sexual Behavior in Modern China: A Report of the Nationwide “Sex Civilization” Survey on 20,000 Subjects in China* Endnotes and References Colombia Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Croatia (The Republic of Croatia) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Cyprus (Kypriaki Dimokratia) (Greek) (Kibris Çumhuriyeti) (Turkish) (The Republic of Cyprus) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings The Czech Republic and Slovakia (&#268eská Republika and Slovenská Republika) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Egypt (Jumhuriyah Misr al-Arabiyah) (The Arab Republic of Egypt) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Finland (Suomen Tasavalta) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings French Polynesia (Polynésie Française) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Acknowledgments References and Suggested Readings Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Ghana Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Greece (Elliniki Dimokratia) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education A Final Remark References and Suggested Readings Hong Kong Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Conclusions References and Suggested Readings Iceland (Lveldi Ísland) (The Republic of Iceland) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings India (Bharat) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Acknowledgments References and Suggested Readings Indonesia (Republik Indonesia) Iran (Jomhoori-Islam-Iran) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Conclusion Resources and Suggested Readings Ireland (Eire) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Israel (Medinat Yisrael) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Fertility Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education National, Religious, and Ethnic Minorities Immigrants and Immigration Glossary References and Suggested Readings Italy (Repubblica Italiana) (The Italian Republic) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Japan (Nippon) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Kenya (Jamhuri ya Kenya) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Morocco (Le Moroc) (French) (al-Mamlaka al-Maghrebia) (Arabic) (The Kingdom of Morocco) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Netherlands and the Autonomous Dutch Antilles (Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) Demographics, a Historical Perspective, and Dutch Sexology Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Nigeria (The Federal Republic of Nigeria) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Outer Space Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Conclusion References and Suggested Readings Papua New Guinea Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Conclusion Acknowledgement References and Suggested Readings The Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Conclusion References and Suggested Readings Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Portugal (República Portuguesa) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Acknowledgements References and Suggested Readings Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico) Demographics and a Historical Perspective* Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Russia (Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Conclusion References and Suggested Readings South Africa Demographics and a Historical Perspective Part 1: A Perspective on the People of Color Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Part 2: Another Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Conclusion References and Suggested Readings Endnotes South Korea (Taehan Min’guk) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Sweden (Konungariket Sverige) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education References and Suggested Readings Thailand (Muang Thai) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Summary References and Suggested Readings Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) (The Republic of Turkey) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education A Final Remark References and Suggested Readings The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Significant Differences in Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors Among Ethnic Minorities References and Suggested Readings Ukraine (Ukrayina) Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Ethnic Minorities References and Suggested Readings The United States of America A Brief Foreword American Demographics and a Sketch of Diversity, Change, and Social Conflict Basic Sexological Premises Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Cross-Gendered Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education A Door to the Future: Sexuality on the Information Superhighway References and Suggested Readings Vietnam (Công Hoa Xa Hôi Chú Nghia Viêt Nam) Socialist Republic of Vietnam Demographics and a Historical Perspective Basic Sexological Premises Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality Sexual Knowledge and Education Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors Gender Conflicted Persons Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning Sexually Transmitted Diseases HIV/AIDS Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies Research and Advanced Education Summary Acknowledgements References and Suggested Readings

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